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Stages and Reasons of Breast Cancer

Breast cancer occurs when cells in the chest grow and divide uncontrollably, creating a mass of tissue called a tumor. The risk of developing breast cancer rises with age and weight gain. Signs of chest cancer may include feeling a lump in the breast, changing the size of the breast, and seeing changes in the skin of the breasts. Mammograms help with early detection.

What is breast cancer?

Cells in the body usually only divide (multiply) when new cells are needed. Sometimes cells in a part of the body grow and divide uncontrollably, creating a tissue mass called a tumor. If the cells that are rising out of the regulator are normal, the tumor is benign (not cancerous). However, when cells that grow uncontrollably are abnormal and don’t function like normal cells in the body, the tumor is called malignant (cancerous).

Cancers Named for the portion of the body they came from. It starts in the chest tissue. Like other cancers, chest cancer can attack and grow in the tissues surrounding the breast. It can also migrate to other parts of the body and form new tumors, a process called metastasis.

Who will get breast cancer?

Also, skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. Age is the most common danger factor for developing chest cancer, and 66% of breast cancer patients diagnosed after age 55.

In the United States, it is the second leading cause of cancer death in women after lung cancer and the leading cause of cancer death in women ages 35 to 54. Only 5-10% of chest cancers happen in women with a clearly defined genetic predisposition to the disease. Most it cases are “sporadic,” which means that there is no definite genetic change.

Does chest cancer disturb women of all races equally?

All women, especially in old age, have some risk of developing chest cancer. Breast cancer risk is generally not evenly distributed among ethnic groups, and the risk of different types of chest cancer varies between ethnic groups. The breast cancer death proportion in the United States has decreased by 40% since 1989, but disparities persist and increase between non-Hispanic black women and non-Hispanic white women.

Statistics show that non-Hispanic white women are slightly more likely to develop it than women of any other race/ethnicity. The occurrence rate for non-Hispanic black women is almost as high.

Non-Hispanic black women in the US have a 39% increased risk of dying from breast cancer at any age. They are twice as likely to develop triple-negative chest cancer as white women. This type of cancer is mainly aggressive and difficult to treat. However, in reality, despite comparable systemic therapy, black women have poorer clinical outcomes in women with the hormone-positive disease. Non-Hispanic black women are fewer likely to receive standard treatment. In addition, there is increasing data on the discontinuation of adjuvant hormone therapy in the poor and underinsured.

Between women under 45 years of age, breast cancer is more common in non-Hispanic black women than in non-Hispanic white women.

Does benign breast disease mean I have a higher risk of developing breast cancer?

Benign breast diseases rarely increase the risk of chest cancer. Some women have biopsies that show an ailment called hyperplasia (excessive cell growth). This condition only marginally increases your risk.

If the biopsy shows hyperplasia and abnormal cells known as atypical hyperplasia, your risk of breast cancer increases a little more. Atypical hyperplasia occurs in approximately 5% of benign breast biopsies.

What are the periods of chest cancer?

There are two different performance systems for it. One is called “anatomical production,” the other “prognostic staging.” Anatomical staging defined by the areas of the body where it is found and helps determine the appropriate treatment. Predictive staging allows healthcare professionals to communicate the likelihood that a patient’s cancer is a cure, provided that all appropriate treatments have implemented.

The anatomical staging system is as surveys:

Stage 0: cancer is when the sickness localized to the milk ducts).

Fist Stage : It is lesser than 2 cm and has not spread anywhere, even without affecting the lymph lumps.

Second Stage: chest cancer is 1 of the following:

The growth is less than 2cm but has spread to the axillary lymph nodes (IIA).

The tumor is more significant than 5 cm and has not spread to the lymph nodes underneath the arm.

Third Stage: cancer is also called “locally progressive breast cancer.” The tumor is any size and has cancerous lymph nodes attached to the nearby tissue (IIIA). Stage IIIB chest cancer is a tumor of any length spread to the skin, chest wall, or internal lymph nodes of the breast.

Fourth Stage: It is clear as a tumor spread to areas outside of the breast, such as the bones, lungs, liver, or brain, regardless of its size.

What Reasons Breast Cancer?

We don’t know what reasons breast cancer, although we know that certain risk factors can increase your risk of developing breast cancer. A woman’s age, genetic aspects, family history, personal health history, and diet subsidize breast cancer danger.

What are the risk issues for breast cancer?

Like many other medical conditions, risk factors for breast cancer fall into the categories of things you can control and things you cannot control. Risk factors affect your chances of developing a disease, but a risk factor does not mean that you are guaranteed to get a particular illness.

Controllable Risk Aspects for Breast Cancer

Alcohol consumption: The risk of chest cancer rises with the amount of alcohol consumed. For example, women who consume two or three alcoholic drinks a day are 20% more likely to develop chest cancer than women who do not drink alcohol at all.

Bodyweight: obesity is a risk factor for chest cancer. It is important to eat healthily and exercise frequently.

Breast implants: Silicone breast implants and the resulting scar tissue make it difficult to differentiate between the problems of regular mammograms. It is best to take a few more pictures (called implant displacement views) to help improve the exam. Rare cancer called anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is related to implants.

Don’t breastfeed: Not breastfeeding can increase your risk.

Taking hormone-based prescriptions: This includes using hormone replacement therapy during menopause for more than five years and taking certain birth control pills.

Uncontrollable risk factors for breast cancer

Being a woman: Although men get breast cancer, it is much more common in women.

Breast Density: You are at a higher risk of chest cancer if you have dense breasts. It can also make tumors challenging to see during mammograms.

Aging: Aging is a factor. Most new breast cancer diagnoses appear after age 55.

Reproductive factors: These include your period before the age of 12, the onset of menopause after the age of 55, the absence of children, or the birth of your first child after the age of 30.

Radiation exposure: This type of exposure can cause by many x-rays or radiation treatments of the chest area.

Having a family history of breast cancer or genetic mutations associated with certain types of chest cancer: A family history that includes a first-degree relative (mother, sister, daughter, father, brother, son) with chest cancer at higher risk for you. If you have more than one comparative with chest cancer on both sides of your family, you are at a higher risk. In terms of genetic mutations, these are changes in genes like BRCA1 and BRCA2.

If you’ve had breast cancer: Your risk is higher if you’ve had chest cancer and certain types of benign breast diseases such as it.

Exposure to Diethylstilbestrol (DES): In the United States, DES was prescribed to some pregnant women from 1940 to 1971. If you were taking DES, or if your mother took DES, there is an increased risk of chest cancer.

What are the warning signs of breast cancer?

A lump or thickening in or near the chest or armpit that persists during the menstrual cycle.

A lump or lump that can feel as small as a pea.

A variation in the size, shape, or contour of the breast.

A discharge of clear or bloody fluid from the nipple.

An alteration in the look or feel of the skin on the breast or nipple (dimples, wrinkles, flakes, or swelling).

Redness of the skin of the chest or nipple.

An area that is very different from any other area of ​​the chest.

A hardened, marble-like area under the skin.

These changes can seen through monthly breast self-exams. A breast self-exam can help you become familiar with the regular monthly changes in your breasts.

Your breast self-exam should done at the same time each month, three to five days after your menstrual period ends. When you stop menstruating, take the exam on the same day each month.

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